Osteoarthritis of the knee is the most common
form of osteoarthritis and a leading cause of disability worldwide.
In fact, osteoarthritis of the knee is one of the five leading
causes of disability among elderly men and women. That makes the
risk of disability from osteoarthritis of the knee as great as that
from cardiovascular disease, according to the American Academy of
Osteoarthritis develops when the cartilage around the joints, such
as knees and hips, wears away, and the bones begin to rub together.
The result is often pain, swelling and stiffness, and it can
restrict daily activities and affect quality of life.
While osteoarthritis is the normal result of aging, there are
certain risk factors that may increase a person’s likelihood
of developing osteoarthritis. Being overweight, experiencing
fractures earlier in life or having a job where you’re
required to kneel or squat for more than one hour per day can all
increase the chances of osteoporosis. Before age 55, osteoporosis
occurs equally in men and women. After age 55, it mostly occurs in
women. So, being a woman over 55 can also be a risk factor!
How can osteoarthritis be treated? In most cases, osteoarthritis can
effectively be treated with lifestyle changes, medication or
physical therapy. However, people with osteoarthritis of the inner
portion of the knee can now also be treated with a
minimally-invasive surgical procedure, called MAKOplasty®