Osteoarthritis of the knee is the most common form of osteoarthritis and a leading cause of disability worldwide. In fact, osteoarthritis of the knee is one of the five leading causes of disability among elderly men and women. That makes the risk of disability from osteoarthritis of the knee as great as that from cardiovascular disease, according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.

Osteoarthritis develops when the cartilage around the joints, such as knees and hips, wears away, and the bones begin to rub together. The result is often pain, swelling and stiffness, and it can restrict daily activities and affect quality of life.

While osteoarthritis is the normal result of aging, there are certain risk factors that may increase a person’s likelihood of developing osteoarthritis. Being overweight, experiencing fractures earlier in life or having a job where you’re required to kneel or squat for more than one hour per day can all increase the chances of osteoporosis. Before age 55, osteoporosis occurs equally in men and women. After age 55, it mostly occurs in women. So, being a woman over 55 can also be a risk factor!

How can osteoarthritis be treated? In most cases, osteoarthritis can effectively be treated with lifestyle changes, medication or physical therapy. However, people with osteoarthritis of the inner portion of the knee can now also be treated with a minimally-invasive surgical procedure, called MAKOplasty® partial-knee resurfacing.




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